Government launches second stage of the Program of Investment in Logistics
Government unveil plans to attract investment of R$ 198.4 billion in roads, railways, ports and airports concessions
The Federal government has announced on June 9th the new stage of the Program of Investment in Logistics (PIL). This is another step in the process of modernizing the country's transportation infrastructure as part of a strategy to economic growth recovery.
Photo credit: Roberto Stuckert Filho / PR
Resuming growth requires increased investment. To expand investment, an environment of economic stability, regulatory predictability and coordination between the private and the public sectors are required. The announced measures aim to increase the competitiveness of the economy, by means of a more efficient flow of agricultural production due to a reduction of logistics costs to industry, as well as by meeting the growth of national and international travel and expanding exports.
Photo credit: Francisca Maranhão / MP
Brazil has developed its economy in recent years, increasing social demands and, consequently, the potential for infrastructure investment. Around R$ 198.4 billion in investment are estimated, of which R$ 69.2 billion should occur from 2015 to 2018 and R$ 129.2 billion from 2019 on. Investments are divided as follows:
- Roads: R$ 66.1 billion;
- Railways: R$ 86.4 billion;
- Ports: R$ 37.4 billion;
- Airports: R$ 8.5 billion.
Improving roads should improve the transportation of agricultural and industrial products and match the growing number of cars, trucks, buses and utility vehicles that travel the roads of the country. The licensed vehicles fleet increased by 185% between 2001 and 2014 (7.8% average annual growth).
Grain harvest growth reached 129.8% between 2001 and 2014, with an average annual increase of 6.2%. The forecast for 2015 is of 201 million tons.
The increase in passengers travelling through Brazilian airports is also a reflection of the transformations of the country in recent years. There is an increased need for investment to improve the quality of services in this segment. In 14 years, the number of passengers on domestic flights grew 154.3% (7.2% pa on average).
The amount of goods handled by ports nearly doubled between 2000 and 2014, from 484 million to 969 million tons. This means more investment is required in the sector.
Continuing the program launched in August 2012, road concessions to the private sector will follow the auction model for the lowest toll rate.
Later this year, four projects should be auctioned: BR-476/153/282/480 / PR / SP; BR-163 / MT / PA; BR-364/060 / MT / GO and BR-364 / GO / MG.
The auction of the Rio-Niteroi Bridge (23 km), a project started in 2014, took place on the 18th of March. Six companies participated in the bidding. The winning bid offered a discount of 36% on the starting auction price. The new contract reduced the fare by R$ 1.50 – from R$ 5.20 to R$ 3.70.
The four auctions planned for 2015, coupled with the renewal of the concession for the Rio-Niterói bridge, should result in R$ 19.6 billion in investment.
Eleven new road projects, covering 4371 kilometers that should require R$ 31.2 billion n investment, are also planned in the second stage of the program. New investment in existing concessions is also expected in the order of R$ 15.3 billion. Renegotiation of terms of concession contracts will be negotiated case by case.
The government is improving the concession model for railroads in this new stage of the PIL. The government may grant rights to the highest cash bid or the lowest toll rate. The government may also grant rights in a shared investment model. The chosen model will be decided in accordance with the characteristics of each railway. In all cases, the right of way and mutual traffic will be guaranteed.
Investments projected are R$ 86.4 billion. In the Norte-Sul Railroad, the required investment will be of R$ 7.8 billion in Palmas (TO) - Anápolis (GO) and Barcarena (PA) - Açailândia (MA) and R$ 4.9 billion in Anapolis (GO), Estrela D'Oeste (SP) and Três Lagoas (MS).
The railway concession between Lucas do Rio Verde (MT) and Miritituba (PA) will require investment in the order of R$ 9.9 billion. An investmentsof R$ 7.8 billion is also expected in order to build the railroad that will connect Rio de Janeiro (RJ) to Vitória (ES). Finally, R$ 40 billion are expected to beinvested in the Brazilian section of the Ferrovia Bioceânica, a railroad which will connect the Center-West and North Regions to Peru. This is a strategic investment for marketing agricultural products via Pacific to Asian markets.
Sixteen billion reais are expected to be invested in existing concessions. The government is negotiating with concessionaries to expand traffic capacity by building new maneuver areas, duplicating segments, reducing urban interferences, and constructing new branches, among others.
Port concessions should require R$ 37.4 billion in investment and include 50 new leases (R$ 11.9 billion), 63 new authorizations for Terminals for Private Use -TUPs (R$ 14.7 billion) and early renewals leases (R$ 10.8 billion).
Leases will be divided in two blocks. The first block includes 29 terminals in the ports of Santos (9) and Pará (20), totaling investments of R$ 4.7 billion. The auction for the first block will be divided in two stages and should happen in 2015.
The 21 terminal leases included in the second block (ports of Paranaguá, Itaqui, Santana, Manaus, Suape, São Sebastião, São Francisco do Sul, Aratu, Santos and Rio de Janeiro), should require an investment of of R$ 7.2 billion. This stage should be auctioned by granting rights for the highest bidder, with auction scheduled for the first half of 2016.
In 2015, 63 new TUPs should receive authorization to operate in 16 states. These requests are under review by the Ports Department and should result in R$ 14.7 billion in investment. There are also 24 requests for extension of terminal leases on public ports. The government forecasts R$ 10.8 billion in investments in public ports in nine states.
The Presidential Decree 8.464, published on 06/09, provides that the auctions for leases for ports should use the following criteria: greatest handling capacity, lowest price, cargo handling efficiency, highest investment to be made by lesse, smallest payment from the government, best technical offer and highest bid for the grant of rights.
The concession of airports seeks to expand infrastructure, improve quality of services, bring more innovation and experience of international operators, boost tourism, improve cargo transportation and create new regional hubs.
The estimated investment by the private sector is R$ 8.5 billion for the concession of airports in Porto Alegre (R$ 2.5 billion), Salvador (R$ 3 billion), Florianópolis (R$ 1.1 billion) and Fortaleza (R$ 1.8 billion). The first auction is scheduled for the first quarter of 2016.
There are plans to grant rights to the highest bidder in seven regional delegated airports: Araras, Jundiaí, Bragança Paulista, Itanhaem, Ubatuba, Campinas (Amaral), all in the state of São Paulo, and Caldas Novas in the state of Goiás. These airports should receive investments that add up to R$ 78 million.
PIL was launched on August 15, 2012, with the announcement of concessions for roads and railways. In December of that year, PIL was expanded to include Airports and Ports.
New road concessions reduced the weighted average toll fare in private sector roads from R$ 10.40, in the period from 1995 to 2002, to R$ 3.50, in the 2011-2014 period. Between 2011 and 2014, concessions for rights to build over 5350 kilometers were granted in seven roads.
Between 2011 and 2014, railways investments (public and private) resulted in the construction of 1,088 kilometers of new railroads. In comparison, only 909 km were built between 2003-2010 and 512 km between 1995-2002.
The airport concession program resulted in investments of over R$ 26 billion and in the participation of five international airport operators in Brazil. The airports of São Gonçalo do Amarante (RN), Guarulhos (SP), Viracopos (SP), Brasília (DF), Confins (MG) and Galeão (RJ) were auctioned and are now operated by private companies.